You may not have heard the term periodontal therapy used much until you’ve needed it, but it’s one of the most important things you can do, not only for your oral health, but for your physical health as well.
There are two main conditions that contribute to the need for periodontal therapy: gingivitis and periodontitis, and they can both affect your general health if left untreated. Both are caused by a bacterium resulting from a buildup of plaque and tartar. It’s also important to note that other issues like tobacco use, teeth grinding, and certain medications and hereditary issues can also contribute to the condition.
In general, gum disease is an inflammatory condition that affects the tissue of the surrounding teeth. It’s most commonly recognized by red, swollen gums that often bleed when brushing. Because bacteria can form in the area, your condition could impact your health in the form of heart disease, stroke, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, or more.
Gingivitis is the very earliest and most mild form of gum disease and most often occurs due to poor oral hygiene, plaque, and tartar buildup. This stage of gum disease typically goes unnoticed until it is diagnosed by a dental professional. That’s why routine cleanings are so important, especially if you’ve been told that you’re at risk for heart disease.
Periodontitis is a more severe form of gum disease in which gingivitis has worsened and advanced to the point that it’s causing an inflammatory response that can destroy bone and tissues.
Treatments will depend on your level of gum disease, but in general, they will include the removal of plaque through deep cleaning and treatment or surgery to stop or minimize the progress of the disease.
Because each case is unique, it’s important that an evaluation by a multi-specialty dentist be performed before you undergo any treatment. Brooklin Village Dental Care has evening, Saturday, and emergency appointments available to answer any questions you may have about the best periodontal treatment plan for your individual needs.