Peg-shaped teeth are teeth that erupt smaller and more pointed than usual. Peg teeth are part of a condition called microdontia (meaning “small teeth”) typically the upper lateral incisors are most affected. It is rare for any lower teeth to be affected. This condition is typically congenital. There are several fixes for peg-shaped teeth depending on the severity, dentist recommendation and patient preference. Below are listed several treatment options for peg-shaped teeth:
Bonded fillings are filling material that is bonded directly onto the peg-shaped teeth to change the shape, size and colour to match the surrounding teeth. Bonded fillings are relatively inexpensive and can even be covered by insurance, but they don’t have a long life span. Often over time, bonded fillings will chip, break and discolour and have to be touched up and replaced.
Crowns are a more permanent solution to restore peg-shaped teeth. Dental crowns are full coverage caps that are used to place over top of the peg-shaped teeth. Depending on the size of the peg teeth, they may need to be sanded down slightly to allow room for the crowns. Crowns have a longer life span and have a better match to surrounding teeth, but cost more.
Veneers, just like crowns, have a longer life span than bonded fillings. Veneers are thin shell-like coverings that go over the top of the front of the tooth. Veneers can also change the shape, size and colour of the tooth. For the most symmetrical, even look, it is usually recommended to place several veneers, generally in an even number. Dental veneers have a similar cost to dental crowns.
Lastly, the peg-shaped teeth can be removed, and braces can be used to move other teeth in to close the space(s). Tooth extraction and orthodontia may be recommended if the peg-shaped teeth are tiny and might be challenging to restore.
Talk to your dentist about what treatment option is best for you. If you have any questions about peg-shaped teeth, we encourage you to contact us today to schedule an appointment.