What Causes Gum Disease?

What Causes Gum Disease?

Gum disease is a term used to describe an infection on the tissues the surround and support one’s teeth. It’s the primary cause of tooth loss seen in adults. Since gum disease Whitby is typically pain-free, one may not be aware of having it. This disease is triggered by the formation of plaque —- a sticky bacteria that frequently forms on the teeth.

Contributing Factors

There are a number of factors contribute to gum disease. These include:

    • Poor oral hygiene
    • Smoking
    • Hereditary
    • Unclean, crooked teeth
    • Diabetes
    • Use of certain medications (steroids, some anti-epilepsy drugs, cancer therapy drugs, and some calcium-channel blockers).

    It’s important to visit a Whitby dentist if one suspects gum disease. The sooner it’s treated, the better it is for one’s oral health.

    Gingivitis

    The early stage of gum disease is commonly known as gingivitis. If one develops gingivitis, the gums would appear swollen, reddish, and has a tendency to bleed. At this point, the disease can be reversed. It’s frequently eliminated through cleaning by a dentist followed by daily brushing and flossing at home.

    Periodontitis

     Gum disease at the advanced stage is known as periodontitis. This condition eventually leads to the loss of both bone and tissues responsible for supporting the teeth. The severity gets worse over time leading to unnatural “shifting” of the teeth.

    There’s still a possibility of developing gum disease without any warning signs. That’s one of the obvious reasons why dental checkups are essential. Methods of treatment may depend on the stage and progression of the disease.

    Having adequate dental care is critical to prevent gum disease from recurring or becoming serious. Brushing teeth a few times a day, eating a balanced diet, and making regular visits to an emergency dentist Whitby will ensure one a functioning and healthy teeth for a lifetime.

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